X-ray, as it is most commonly known, is the oldest and most frequently used form of medical imaging. Discovered more than a century ago, X-rays can produce diagnostic images of the human body on film or digitally on a computer screen when we use low-dose digital X-rays. X-ray imaging is the fastest, easiest way for a physician to view and assess broken bones, such as skull fractures and spinal injuries. We take at least two images, from different angles, and often three images if the problem is around a joint: knee, elbow or wrist. In addition, X-rays play a key role in guiding orthopedic surgery and in the treatment of sports-related injuries. X-rays may uncover more advanced forms of cancer in bones, although early screening for cancer findings requires other methods.
Most X-rays don’t require any special preparation beforehand. You may be asked to remove clothing and wear a medical gown, and you’ll be asked to remove jewelry, dental appliances, glasses and any metal objects that might interfere with the X-ray images. If you’re a woman who might be pregnant, inform your technologist in advance. If an X-ray is needed, precautions can be taken to limit the amount of radiation exposure to the baby.
X – Ray Procedures : ( By appointment )
Intravenous Pyelography is an X – Ray procedure. It uses injection of contrast for evaluation of Kidneys, Ureters and Bladder.
Preparation : It requires 2 days of Bowel preparation and overnight Fasting.
Blood Investigation required
- Serum Creatinine
- Blood Urea Nitrogen
- Please tell about any history of allergy
- Please carry old reports and Doctors file.
2.Micturating Cysto Urethrogram ( MCU ) :
It is a study to evaluate the urinary bladder and urethra while passing urine and whether the urine goes back to ureter / kidney while passing urine.
Preparation : Nil ( No fasting required )
Required : Urine routine investigation to rule out active urinary infection.
3.Ascending Urethrogram :
To evaluate the urethra in case of difficulty in passing urine and In case, residual urine is seen in bladder after passing urine.
Preparation : Nil. Occasionally urine routine and microscopic examination ( as advised by referring Doctor )
Evaluation of the tract of infection in case of pus discharge from any wound from long time.
Preparation : Nil
Done in case of primary / secondary infertility. This is done to evaluate the size, shape of uretus , the fallopain and their patency by injection of contrast into the uterus.
Preparation : Done on day 6th to 9th day of Menstural Cycle. No fasting required.Carry all old reports. Tell about History of allergy if any.
It is slightly painful procedure and hence a painkiller is given ½ hour before procedure. The whole procedure take between 20-25 min. A relative is required to accompany the patient on the day of test.
6. Sonosalpingography :
This is a test like HSG, where instead of X- Ray after injecting contrast saline is injected and is done under ultrasound guidance. The preparation, indication and uses of SSG is similar to HSG and is usually done if the patient has history of allergy.
7.Barium Studies :
- Barium swallow :
For evaluation of oerophay
no preparation require.
- Barium meal follow thoughts
For evaluation of shomaly and small infection.
Preparation Fasting required.
If is a long study and we need to talks X-Ray at undervalued day and next day.
- Barium Enema :
For evaluation of large infection.
No preparation requires.